This Day In History – July 3

Intergovernmental Conference on Identity Certificates for Russian Refugees, convened by Fridtjof Nansen in Geneva, creates the Nansen passports (for stateless persons)

Year Event
324Battle of Adrianople: Roman Emperor Constantine I defeats his co-emperor Licinius, who flees to Byzantium
1187 Battle of Horns of Hattin: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem's crusader army.
1863 Battle of Gettysburg, largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War.
1877American inventor Thomas Edison invents the carbon telephone transmitter.
1884 Dow Jones publishes its 1st stock index, the Dow Jones Transportation Average
1928John Logie Baird demonstrates the first colour television transmission in London
1972Cairo orders Soviet Union to withdraw military advisers stationed in Egypt.
1976Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Sweden's Björn Borg beats Ilie Năstase of Romania 6-4, 6-2, 9-7 for the first of 5 straight Wimbledon titles
1980India launches its first satellite,Rohini.
1988Iran announces it has accepted a security council ceasefire call in its 8 year old war with Iraq.
1995Italian cyclist Fabio Casertelli dies in crash during the 15th stage of the Tour de France.
2000Alex salmond resigns as leader of the Scottish National Party
2005The first sucessful robot camel jocky race in the world introduced in the UAE.
2010An express train ploughs through a stationary train at a station in West Bengal,India,killing 61 people.
2018Cardi B becomes first female rapper to get two number one US Billboard hits, with "I Like It" with Bad Bunny and J Balvin
2019A 41-year-old man sets fire on Kyoto Animation studio, Japan,killing 36 people.

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